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ANALYSIS OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (VOCs) FROM HYDRAULIC FRACTURING FACILITIES IN KARNES COUNTY, TEXAS AND IDENTIFICATION OF VOCs IN SHELBY COUNTY, TENNESSEE

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dc.contributor.advisor Chong, Ngee
dc.contributor.author Keith, Ki-In
dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-04T20:26:52Z
dc.date.available 2018-01-04T20:26:52Z
dc.date.issued 2017-11-12
dc.identifier.uri http://jewlscholar.mtsu.edu/xmlui/handle/mtsu/5571
dc.description.abstract Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are emitted by several sources and have the ability to cause short and long-term adverse health effects. In Karnes County, Texas, a high activity of hydraulic fracturing on the Eagle Ford Shale is the major source of VOC emissions. In Shelby County, Tennessee, automobile exhaust, household products, and industrial facilities are the main sources of VOC emissions. Air samples were collected in Karnes County and Shelby County and analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) with a cryogenic preconcentrator outfitted with a glass bead trap and a Tenax trap. The EPA TO-15 method was applied to analyze TO-15 compounds in Karnes County and non-TO-15 compounds in Shelby County. Samples collected in Karnes County were also analyzed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) with a 10-meter gas cell to detect low molecular weight compounds. Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene, and methane were commonly detected compounds near oil and gas facilities in Karnes County, Texas. In Shelby County, Tennessee, acetonitrile, cyclohexene, and cyclohexanone were frequently detected at relatively high concentrations.
dc.publisher Middle Tennessee State University
dc.subject Gas Chromatography
dc.subject Hydraulic Fracturing
dc.subject Pollution
dc.subject Volatile organic compounds
dc.title ANALYSIS OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (VOCs) FROM HYDRAULIC FRACTURING FACILITIES IN KARNES COUNTY, TEXAS AND IDENTIFICATION OF VOCs IN SHELBY COUNTY, TENNESSEE
dc.type Thesis
dc.contributor.committeemember Burden, Donald
dc.contributor.committeemember Wang, Chengshan
dc.thesis.degreelevel Masters
dc.thesis.degreegrantor Middle Tennessee State University
dc.subject.umi Chemistry
dc.description.degree M.S.
dc.contributor.department Chemistry


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