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Words and Melody Are Intertwined in Perception of Sung Words: EEG and Behavioral Evidence

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dc.contributor Middle Tennessee State University. Psychology Department. en_US Gordon, Reyna L. en_US Schön, Daniele en_US Magne, Cyrille en_US Astésano, Corine en_US Besson, Mireille en_US Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni en_US 2014-06-24T15:44:08Z 2014-06-24T15:44:08Z 2010-02-26 en_US
dc.identifier.citation PLoS ONE. 2010 Feb 26;5(3):e9889 en_US
dc.description.abstract Language and music, two of the most unique human cognitive abilities, are combined in song, rendering it an ecological model for comparing speech and music cognition. The present study was designed to determine whether words and melodies in song are processed interactively or independently, and to examine the influence of attention on the processing of words and melodies in song. Event-Related brain Potentials (ERPs) and behavioral data were recorded while non-musicians listened to pairs of sung words (prime and target) presented in four experimental conditions: same word, same melody; same word, different melody; different word, same melody; different word, different melody. Participants were asked to attend to either the words or the melody, and to perform a same/different task. In both attentional tasks, different word targets elicited an N400 component, as predicted based on previous results. Most interestingly, different melodies (sung with the same word) elicited an N400 component followed by a late positive component. Finally, ERP and behavioral data converged in showing interactions between the linguistic and melodic dimensions of sung words. The finding that the N400 effect, a well-established marker of semantic processing, was modulated by musical melody in song suggests that variations in musical features affect word processing in sung language. Implications of the interactions between words and melody are discussed in light of evidence for shared neural processing resources between the phonological/semantic aspects of language and the melodic/harmonic aspects of music. en_US
dc.title Words and Melody Are Intertwined in Perception of Sung Words: EEG and Behavioral Evidence en_US
dc.type Research Article en_US

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