The Effects of Smartphone Screen Time on Behavioral Variability

dc.contributor.advisor Galizio, Ann Rust, Mark Dieter
dc.contributor.committeemember Hinnenkamp, Jay E
dc.contributor.committeemember Schoonover, Ciera E 2023-08-16T16:06:26Z 2023-08-16T16:06:26Z 2023 2023-08-16T16:06:26Z
dc.description.abstract Individuals diagnosed with conditions such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and depressive disorders tend to display levels of variable behavior disparate from their peers. Previous research has shown that variable behavior can be enhanced or reduced through reinforcement; however, the factors contributing to behavioral variability are poorly understood. Screen time has been hypothesized as a factor that may influence behavioral variability. The present study aimed to explore the possible relationship between smartphone screen time, behavioral variability, and self-reported ADHD, ASD, and depressive symptoms. To explore this relationship, participants attended a session where they reported their screen time use through a smartphone app. Next, participants completed a computer-based behavioral variability task, during which they drew rectangles on the screen. Points were given only for rectangles that were sufficiently different from those previously made (i.e., variable responding). Finally, participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), Autism Spectrum Quotient-10 (AQ-10), and Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS-v1.1). We found weak correlations between scores on the AQ-10 and ASRS-v1.1 and between the ASRS-v1.1 and the BDI-II. There were also moderate correlations between different measures of behavioral variability and between objective and subjective screen time scores, showing consistency in these assessments. However, no systematic relation between screen time and behavioral variability was observed. M.A.
dc.language.rfc3066 en
dc.publisher Middle Tennessee State University
dc.subject ADHD
dc.subject Autism
dc.subject Depression
dc.subject Screen time
dc.subject Smartphone
dc.subject Variability
dc.subject Psychology
dc.subject Behavioral psychology
dc.thesis.degreelevel masters
dc.title The Effects of Smartphone Screen Time on Behavioral Variability
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