Effects of Cardiovascular Condtitions on Mortality among Scuba Divers

dc.contributor.advisor Weatherby, Norman en_US
dc.contributor.author Corlew, Beverly en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Umscheid, Dana en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Johnston, Tony en_US
dc.contributor.department Health & Human Performance en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2014-06-02T19:05:07Z
dc.date.available 2014-06-02T19:05:07Z
dc.date.issued 2013-04-11 en_US
dc.description.abstract ABSTRACT en_US
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this case-control study was to examine the physical fitness level and medical status of active divers and examine the relationship between cardiovascular health conditions and mortality while scuba diving. The secondary purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which those divers who do have preexisting heart conditions perceive their risk of dying while diving and to determine the extent to which they are willing to change their diving behaviors. Data for the live controls in this study were collected from 192 scuba divers using the Scuba Survey Version 3. All divers were members of ScubaBoard, an online scuba diving forum. Data collected included demographic and background information as well as information from the Scuba Survey Version 3. Data for 68 deceased cases were collected using archived data from the Diver's Alert Network Annual Report. The information collected on the cases included age, gender, Body Mass Index, preexisting medical conditions, and cause of death. en_US
dc.description.abstract Logistic regression was used for the data analysis. The logistic regression models were adjusted to account for potential confounding factors. Statistical analysis were conducted using SPSS Version 20. The classification analysis goal was to produce a model in which 80% of the observed deaths or survival while participating in scuba diving activities, the perceived chance of dying while diving among active divers, and the extent to which divers will stop diving when cardiovascular health condition exist, are correctly predicted. en_US
dc.description.abstract Divers with fewer dives were more likely to alter their diving behavior by not diving when preexisting cardiovascular conditions exist than the divers who had a higher number of dives per year. This result was not surprising although shows the need to provide additional information to those who are already certified. en_US
dc.description.abstract Overall, the results of this study helped to answer questions about a diver's perceived chance of dying and willingness to stop diving. The results show a need for future studies and health interventions among scuba divers to educate them about the risks of diving with cardiovascular health conditions. en_US
dc.description.degree Ph.D. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://jewlscholar.mtsu.edu/handle/mtsu/3668
dc.publisher Middle Tennessee State University en_US
dc.subject Body Mass Index en_US
dc.subject Cardiovascular Conditions en_US
dc.subject Scuba en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Scuba divers en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Divers Health risk assessment en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Coronary heart disease en_US
dc.subject.umi Health sciences en_US
dc.thesis.degreegrantor Middle Tennessee State University en_US
dc.thesis.degreelevel Doctoral en_US
dc.title Effects of Cardiovascular Condtitions on Mortality among Scuba Divers en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
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