What determines exports of U.S. states : distance or location factors? /

dc.contributor.author Nsiah-gyasi, Christian en_US
dc.contributor.department Economics & Finance en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2014-06-20T16:31:05Z
dc.date.available 2014-06-20T16:31:05Z
dc.date.issued 2005 en_US
dc.description Adviser: Joachim Zietz. en_US
dc.description.abstract This study is an empirical investigation into the export performance of the United States using state level data. Only a few studies have tried to disaggregate national level data. While spatial issues play an increasing role in international trade models, most applications make use of the traditional gravity model, which is based on physical distances. However, the significant reduction in transportation and communication costs experienced over the past few decades makes it questionable that physical distance matters any more. en_US
dc.description.abstract The study is arguing on two fronts. First, it examines to what extent it may be useful to consider proximity measures other than traditional physical distance variables. To examine this possibility, this study employs an augmented gravity equation with a number of alternative physical and nonphysical/psychic distance measures. Second, the study explicitly allows for the possibility that distance no longer plays any role in explaining trade patterns, regardless of how distance is defined. For this purpose, the study includes a large number of alternative variables that can potentially explain trade patterns. Many of these measures are related at least indirectly to the location decisions of firms that are engaged in the exporting business. en_US
dc.description.abstract The results of the study indicate that physical distance continues to play a role in determining state manufacturing exports. However, nonphysical/psychic distance, trade agreements, state location characteristics, and conditions in export markets also affect a state's manufacturing exports. These latter effects appear to vary for high-tech and low-tech products. en_US
dc.description.abstract Tests for the presence of spatial autocorrelation in state manufacturing export equations indicate that physical and cultural proximity does not matter for spatial autocorrelation. Rather, it is the human development proximity of states that explains their similarity in export performance. The results of the spatial autocorrelation analysis are robust only for total and high-tech exports. en_US
dc.description.degree Ph.D. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://jewlscholar.mtsu.edu/handle/mtsu/4026
dc.publisher Middle Tennessee State University en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Exports United States States en_US
dc.subject.lcsh International trade en_US
dc.subject.lcsh U.S. states Economic conditions en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Physical distribution of goods United States en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Economics, General en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Economics, Commerce-Business en_US
dc.thesis.degreegrantor Middle Tennessee State University en_US
dc.thesis.degreelevel Doctoral en_US
dc.title What determines exports of U.S. states : distance or location factors? / en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
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