The relationship between perceived competence and perfectionism in sport / Watson, Tiffany en_US
dc.contributor.department Health & Human Performance en_US 2014-06-20T17:55:50Z 2014-06-20T17:55:50Z 2008 en_US
dc.description Adviser: Mark Anshel. en_US
dc.description.abstract The purposes of this dissertation were two-fold: (1) to explore the trait and situational components of the perfectionism construct, and (2) to explore the relationship between perfectionism, perceived competence (PC), and the sport-related factors of sport type (team and individual) and level of competition (high school/community, state, and college). en_US
dc.description.abstract The sample included 239 high school and collegiate athletes, all current participants in at least one sport. Participants completed a 35-item unidimensional sport perfectionism inventory as well as a PC rating scale. The PC scale consisted of a researcher generated item and a 6-item subscale of the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory (III; McAuley, Duncan, & Tammen, 1989). Both used a Likert-type scale. Rasch model analysis (Rasch, 1960) was used to create logit scores for all participants on perfectionism and PC to give scores an additive quality. Intraclass correlation (ICC), within-subjects multivariate general linear model (GLM), and linear regression were used to examine the data. en_US
dc.description.abstract ICC yielded a positive and significant relationship (r = .65) between perfectionism scores high and low competence sport domains. However, PC did not yield a significant relationship based on ICC (r = .29). en_US
dc.description.abstract Multivariate GLM analysis for the full interaction model yielded one significant interaction between PC and level of competition (p = .002). The full model was divided into high and low competence yielding a significant interaction in the low competence model, p = .016. Post hoc analysis in the form of linear regression revealed that perfectionism scores varied as a function of PC for high school/community (p = .012) athletes only. There was no significant interaction in the high competence model, but main effects for the effect of level of competition (p = .027), and type of sport (p = .020) on perfectionism scores. en_US
dc.description.abstract Interaction and main effects suggest that in certain sport situations, perfectionism scores may be affected by PC, level of competition and type of sport. Future research should continue to extend the literature on the trait and situational components of the construct to develop a more comprehensive model of perfectionism and performance. Athletes, coaches, and practitioners can learn from the influence of sport-related characteristics on perfectionist tendencies and use psychological skills training to overcome these effects. en_US Ph.D. en_US
dc.publisher Middle Tennessee State University en_US
dc.subject.lcsh High school athletes Psychology en_US
dc.subject.lcsh College athletes Psychology en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Perfectionism (Personality trait) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Health Sciences, Recreation en_US
dc.thesis.degreegrantor Middle Tennessee State University en_US
dc.thesis.degreelevel Doctoral en_US
dc.title The relationship between perceived competence and perfectionism in sport / en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
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