Browsing Student Publications by Department "Health & Human Performance"
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ItemDoes Sugar Help You Run?(Middle Tennessee State University, 2014-2-18) Branstetter, Kelsey ; Robertson, Katelen ; Hartshorn, Emily ; Ridge, Brian ; Duncan, Dominique ; Health & Human PerformanceContext: Carbohydrates are the main source of energy used by the body when running; due to this, many endurance athletes take a supplement during competition. Numerous studies have observed long duration activities and the time frame to ingest supplementation for optimal effects. There has not been much research on the carbohydrate supplementation during middle distance running. Objective: Examine whether the addition of carbohydrate supplementation will yield performance improvement when compared to simply ingesting water during middle distance running, and if improved performance is effected by the type of carbohydrate supplementation. Design: Repeated Measure Design Methods: The participants (n=15) were volunteers from Middle Tennessee State University Womens Soccer team, ranging in age from 18-21| Participants were divided into three supplementation groups: 1) water, 2) Starburst, 3) Gatorade Chew. Each group ran a timed mile, followed by a 15-minute break to consume their assigned supplement, and then ran another timed mile.
ItemAn Examination of American Women's Participation in Pill Sharing Networks(Middle Tennessee State University, 2015-03-20) Cynthia Bass-Thomas M.S. ; Amber J. Dorsey M.S. ; Norman Weatherby PhD. ; Health & Human PerformanceBackground: In 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported widespread prescription opioid use among reproductive-aged women, and these women have an increased risk of death from an overdose. Limited research is available regarding pill sharing networks and prescription drug abuse. Therefore, this study will examine the relationship between women’s participation in pill sharing
ItemThe Relationship Between Bullying and Substance Use Among Senior High School Students in Ghana, West-Africa(Middle Tennessee State University, 2014-2-25) Harvey, Marquinta ; Owusu, Andrew ; Health & Human Performance"Introduction: School-based bullying, a global challenge, adversely contributes to psychological and physical development of adolescents. Existing evidence indicates an association between bully perpetration and substance use. Conversely, bully prevention interventions are linked to lower reports of substance use. This study examines the relationship between bullying perpetration and substance use among senior high school students in Ghana, West Africa.
ItemTIME SEQUENCED CITATION ANALYSIS OF SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE ON ENACTED STIGMA BY HEALTH PERSONNEL WHEN TREATING LGBT+ PATIENTS(Middle Tennessee State University, 2015-03-20) Tara Prairie, Graduate Student, Bethany Wrye, Faculty, Norman Weatherby, Faculty ; Sharon Parente, Library Faculty ; Health & Human PerformanceEnacted stigma involves labeled individuals being treated differently from or denied access to resources available to non-labeled individuals. When studying stigma in the medical field, researchers tend to focus on the extent to which labeled patients feel or internalize stigma and then avoid situations or interactions to prevent anticipated stigmatization. The purpose of this bibliographic citati
ItemTitle: Effect of Rest-Pause VS. Traditional Bench Press Training on Muscle Strength, Electromyography and Lifting Volume(Middle Tennessee State University, 2016) Korak, J. Adam ; Paquette, Maxime R. ; Brooks, Justin ; Fuller, Dana K. ; Coons, John M. ; Health & Human PerformanceThis study compared one repetition maximum (1RM), muscle activity (EMG), and volume differences between rest-pause vs. traditional resistance training. Trained males (N = 20) were randomly assigned to either a rest-pause or a traditional training group. Pre and post 1RM testing was recorded. Training sessions were completed twice a week for 4-weeks and consisted of four sets of bench press to volitional fatigue at 80% of pretest 1RM with a 2-minute rest between sets. Total volume completed was recorded on each training day. Muscle activity of the pectoralis major was measured on the first and last training days. The RMS signals of the last repetition in the last set were normalized to the RMS peak values of the first repetition in the first set for each participant during the 1st and 8th training sessions. A 2-way repeated measures ANOVA indicated both groups significantly increased their 1RMs following the 4-week training protocol (p < .05). However, no significant differences were found in 1RM and muscle activity between the two groups (p > .05). An independent samples t-test indicated total volume lifted was significantly higher for the rest-pause group (56,778lbs vs. 38,315lbs; p < .05) throughout the protocol and independently during weeks 2, 3, and 4. While strength and muscle activity changes did not differ between groups, the rest-pause group achieved greater increases in volume than the traditional group. If volume is the focus of training (i.e., hypertrophy phases), the rest-pause resistance training method should be utilized.