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ItemThe Effects of Environmental Cues on Production of Dormant Eggs in an Exotic Zooplankton( 2017)Daphnia lumholtzi is an invasive zooplankton species that has spread rapidly throughout the United States since its accidental introduction in 1989. Because of its ability to rapidly colonize diverse habitats, Daphnia lumholtzi provides a unique opportunity to investigate the traits that characterize successful aquatic invaders. One trait that may support rapid range expansion is the production of dormant eggs (DE’s) that can be dispersed to new environments by migratory animals and human activities. Some studies have suggested that D. lumholtzi produces more DE’s compared to native Daphnia, contributing to rapid expansion in this species. DE’s are typically produced when environmental cues induce a population of asexually reproducing females to generate males, which then fertilize the DE’s. While it isn’t clear which cues induce DE production by D. lumholtzi in new habitats, some studies suggest that multiple cues may be required, including changes in temperature, population density, and water quality. In this study, we investigated the effects of combined environmental cues on DE production in three distinct clones of D. lumholtzi by varying the initial population density coupled with changes in temperature to simulate cooling seasons (from 22°C to 16°C) or warming seasons (from 23°C to 30°C). Clones were kept in one liter aquaria and monitored for production of males, population growth, and DE production. Preliminary results show that low population density (5 individuals/L) plus warming temperatures stimulated population growth (10 individuals/L/day) by asexual reproduction, while high density (10 individuals/L) populations began producing males at moderate temperatures (17-23°C) and produced DE’s when temperatures were increasing (23-30°C). Experiments are underway to determine if there are differences in responses to these environmental cues among the three D. lumholtzi clones.
ItemThe Treatment of Emotional Abuse Using Bibliotherapy(Middle Tennessee State University, 2017-04)Past research concludes that experiencing emotional abuse as a child has many adverse effects on the child’s health later on in life. Emotional abuse is difficult to detect because physical signs of abuse are not typically present. Many studies attempt to define emotional abuse and examine traditional methods of treatment for children who have been emotionally abused. The present study investigates bibliotherapy as an effective way to treat emotional abuse in children. Many forms of treatment occur outside of the school environment; implementing a way to treat emotional abuse while children are still in the school environment will be immensely helpful to children. The current study includes data collected from a survey sent to guidance counselors from Rutherford County Schools. Data collected through the current study supports the idea that guidance counselors are being trained on abuse consistently and effectively. Therefore, the current study concludes that both teachers and guidance counselors will benefit from being trained on how to use bibliotherapy within a school environment.
ItemGender Identity in Islam(Middle Tennessee State University, 2017)James Cox has outlined the World’s Religion Paradigm as a Christian narrative in which westerners project their preconceived ideological beliefs onto other religions against the Christian framework (Robertson 2013). Through this context, it can be argued that the world’s religion paradigm is actually a religious description, or even perhaps a social perspective, that defines how people and their belief systems can interrelate to, or be oppositional from, one another. However, it appears that theories can be interchangeable, particularly in regards to women, because the Western and Christian bias assumes that all religions operate under common conditions or with similar purposes. The parallels may even go unnoticed to some because it does not fit their personal narrative of who they are and what their religion means to them. My intention is to guide the viewer through the World’s Religion Paradigm with gender identity within Islam as the point of reference. Additionally, I would like to establish the ways in which gender identity is fluid within religion itself because using differing theoretical frameworks from dissimilar religious traditions can still illustrate the same narrative. I plan to introduce an interview with the former Imam of the Islamic Center of Murfreesboro, as well as a booklet provided on the Islamic Center’s website, to further establish how women within that specific community have expectations of behavior placed upon them and a prescribed way of dress that reinforces societal roles through religious acculturation. Additionally, I will speak to the ways that social perspectives, not just religious ones, have a strong impact on women’s experiences: religious and otherwise.
ItemAbstracts(Middle Tennessee State University, 2017)