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    Human Body Form - What does it Mean?
    (Middle Tennessee State University, 2014-10) Cottle, Frederick S. ; Behavioral & Health Sciences
    Conference presentation on human body form related to apparel sizing.
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    From suits to robes: The use of African inspired apparel as a communication tool in the American avant-garde jazz community
    (Middle Tennessee State University, 2015) Cottle, C. Adam ; Cottle, Frederick S. ; Bell, Thomas W. ; Behavioral & Health Sciences
    Many musicians working in the avant-garde of American jazz in the post-Civil Rights era publicly aligned themselves with black power cultural ideologies. The Afrocentric fashions worn by some of these musicians were a visual representation of their cultural beliefs and endure as a major component of the musical form’s legacy. This article reevaluates these performers’ standing in popular culture, recognizing them as fashion innovators on top of being musical revolutionaries. These musicians’ adventurous style lives on in popular culture through fashion statements in hip hop, neo soul and other musical genres. This article was first published in Intellect. The publisher's full-text version is available at
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    Framework of Understanding Somatological Constructs Relative to the Fit of Apparel
    (Middle Tennessee State University, 2014-10-21) Cottle, Frederick S. ; Ulrich, Pamela V. ; Teel, Karla P. ; Behavioral & Health Sciences
    Past research in the field of somatology (human body measurement) related to the fit of apparel has focused on the current apparel manufacturing process flow. In the current system, three dimensional (3D) body form is converted to one dimensional (1D) sizes and two dimensional (2D) shapes in order to utilize shaping methodology in the conversion of 2D fabrics into a 3D garment that fit the 3D human body form. The somatological constructs of size, build, shape, and form are often used interchangeably in academia and industry. This treatise intends to clarify definitions and bring deeper meaning to these constructs. This clarity and meaning will be used to develop a framework of understanding to use as a lens to view apparel product development and manufacturing as they relate to the fit of garments to the human body. The framework of understanding has the potential to revolutionize the apparel industry by refocusing development efforts toward a more effective process flow and to change the way the fit of garments is measured and evaluated.