Geothermal: An environmentally friendly alternative to fossil fuel.

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Alderson, Carolyn
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University Honors College, Middle Tennessee State University
Geothermal energy promises solutions to many of the challenges posed by reliance on fossil fuels. Demand for energy is not decreasing anytime soon, making the search for environmentally conscious resources of energy a necessary endeavor. However, geothermal also comes with its own set of challenges that must be addressed if the technology is to compete with other alternative energy sources such as wind and solar. Advances such as enhanced geothermal systems and artificial intelligence applications can reduce the obstacles to implementation. One of the biggest advantages of geothermal is the minimal interruptions in the power supply it can provide. Subsidization can also play a role in reducing the issues with riskiness and profitability; however, it does not provide scalability in the same way the private sector would. The success of the ongoing development of solutions to these challenges will determine how geothermal fares in the shift to green energy.